Battle of Buxar is a significant battle in the India freedom struggle. The Battle was the pivotal battle which was fought between English Forces, and a joint army of the Nawab of Oudh Shah Alam II, Nawab of Bengal, Mir Kasim, and Mughal Emperor. These wars lay the founding stone of Modern India which is very much part of UPSC mains GS paper 1
- Cause of battle of Buxar
- Course of battle of Buxar
- Effects of Battle of Buxar
CAUSES OF BATTLE OF BUXAR
- Mir Kasim wanted to be independent and shifted his capital to Munger Fort from Calcutta.
- He also hired foreign experts to train his army.
- He treated Indian merchants and English as same.
- The result of misuse of Dastak, Farman and expansion of trade by English.
- These factors fuelled the English decided to overthrow him and war broke out between Mir Kasim and the Company in 1763.
COURSE OF BATTLE OF BUXAR
- Mir Qasim fled to Oudh
- He planned a confederacy with Shuja-ud-daula, the Nawab of Oudh and the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II in a final bid to overthrow the English from Bengal.
- Mir Qasim’s soldiers met the English army troops directed by Major Munro in 1764.
- Joined armies of Mir Qasim were defeated by the British.
- Mir Qasim absconded from the battle and the other two surrendered to the English army.
- The battle of Buxar ended with the Treaty of Allahabad in 1765.
EFFECTS OF BATTLE OF BUXAR
- Robert Clive was selected the first Governor General of Bengal.
- He made political settlements with Emperor Shah Alam II and Shuja-ud-Daula of Awadh in the Treaty of Allahabad.
. The battle was the result of misuse of Dastak, Farman and also the trade colonialist desire of English. To read more articles on Modern India History click here