Preamble is the first introductory component of Indian Constitution, It consist of the crux of the Indian constitution. This was made from the objective resolution brought in front of Constituent assembly by Jawaharlal Nehru. By understanding Preamble we can understand the whole constitution in a better way. This article is important as the factual part of preamble is asked in the prelims exam Preamble is also part of Mains GS paper - 2 syllabus.
- Objective resolution
- The four components of Preamble
- Adoption date
- To foster unity of the nation and to ensure its economic and political security, to have a written Constitution, and to proclaim India as a Sovereign, Democratic Republic.
- To have a federal form of government with the distribution of powers between the Centre and the States.
- To guarantee and secure justice, equality, freedom of thought, expression, belief, faith, worship, vocation, association and action to all the people of India.
- To provide adequate safeguards for minorities, backward and tribal areas and depressed and other backward classes.
- To maintain the integrity of the territory of the Republic and the sovereign rights on land, sea and air according to the law of civilized nations.
- To attain rightful and honoured place in the world and make willing contribution to the promotion of world peace and the welfare of mankind.
The Four Components of Preamble
Source of Preamble
We, the people of India: It indicates the ultimate sovereignty of the people of India. Sovereignty means the independent authority of the State, not being subject to the control of any other State or external power.
Nature of Preamble
Sovereign: The term means that India has its own independent authority and it is not a dominion of any other external power. In the country, the legislature has the power to make laws which are subject to certain limitations.
Socialist: The term means the achievement of socialist ends through democratic means. It holds faith in a mixed economy where both private and public sectors co-exist side by side. It was added in the Preamble by 42nd Amendment, 1976.
Secular: The term means that all the religions in India get equal respect, protection and support from the state. It was incorporated in the Preamble by 42nd Constitutional Amendment, 1976.
Democratic: The term implies that the Constitution of India has an established form of Constitution which gets its authority from the will of the people expressed in an election.
Republic: The term indicates that the head of the state is elected by the people. In India, the President of India is the elected head of the state.
Objective of Preamble
Justice: It is necessary to maintain order in society that is promised through various provisions of Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy provided by the Constitution of India. It comprises three elements, which is social, economic, and political.
Social Justice – Social justice means that the Constitution wants to create a society without discrimination on any grounds like caste, creed, gender, religion, etc.
Economic Justice – Economic Justice means no discrimination can be caused by people on the basis of their wealth, income, and economic status. Every person must be paid equally for an equal position and all people must get opportunities to earn for their living.
Political Justice – Political Justice means all the people have an equal, free and fair right without any discrimination to participate in political opportunities.
Equality: The term ‘Equality’ means no section of society has any special privileges and all the people have given equal opportunities for everything without any discriminations. Everyone is equal before the law.
Liberty: The term ‘Liberty’ means freedom for the people to choose their way of life, have political views and behavior in society. Liberty does not mean freedom to do anything, a person can do anything but in the limit set by the law.
Fraternity: The term ‘Fraternity’ means a feeling of brotherhood and an emotional attachment with the country and all the people. Fraternity helps to promote dignity and unity in the nation.
Adoption date of Preamble
The date is mentioned in the preamble when it was adopted i.e. November 26, 1949.
This analysis of Preamble helps to understand the preamble and the Indian constitution in a illustrative manner. it was derived from Objective resolution in Constituent Assemble and gives the whole picture of Constitution in a clear manner. To read More articles on Polity Click here