Geographical indications are signs used that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities, a reputation or characteristics that are essentially attributable to that place of origin


    • What is Geographical Indication?
    • Benefits of GI tag
    • Significance of GI tag
    • Role of GI in rural development
    • Geographical indication protection
    • Way forward
    • List of GI tags

What is Geographical Indication?

Geographical indications and appellations of origin are signs used on goods that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities, a reputation or characteristics that are essentially attributable to that place of origin.

Benefits of GI Tags

The Geographical Indication registration confers the following benefits:

  • Legal protection to the products
  • Prevents unauthorised use of GI tag products by others
  • It helps consumers to get quality products of desired traits and is assured of authenticity
  • Promotes the economic prosperity of producers of GI tag goods by enhancing their demand in national and international markets

Along with the benefits, there are certain issues associated with GI tags as well. Off late, there has been a rise in disputes over the question of the place of origin of the product under consideration. This gets aggravated due to a lack of clear historical evidence.

For example, the disputes surrounding the origin of Roshogulla, a popular dessert, from eastern India. Both West Bengal and Odisha claim that the dessert originated in their own states. By ‘winning’ a GI tag, each state is looking to promote its own cultural and regional jingoism over the other.

As a point of discussion, this sort of unhealthy competition tends to polarise the country on regional, cultural and linguistic lines. Most states in their rush to corner as many GI tags as possible have forgotten to pay attention to enhance the value of products already having a GI tag.

As a result, neither the local community nor the customer is benefitting economically. This trend undercuts the very idea of GI protection to native endemic products.

Significance of GI Tags

A geographical indication right facilitates those who have the right to use the indication to prohibit its usage by a third party whose product does not conform to the applicable standards.

For example, in the purview in which the Darjeeling geographical indication is protected, producers of Darjeeling tea can omit the term “Darjeeling” for tea not grown in their tea gardens or not produced according to the norms set out in the code of practice for the geographical indication.

However, a protected GI does not permit the holder to forbid someone from making a product using the same approaches as those set out in the standards for that indication. Protection for a GI tag is usually procured by acquiring a right over the sign that constitutes the indication.

Role of GI in Rural Development

Geographical indications are mostly traditional products, produced by rural communities over generations that have gained prominence on the markets for their precise qualities.

The recognition and protection of the markets of these products allow the producers’ community to devote and maintaining the precise qualities of the product on which the reputation is built. This might also allow them to invest together in promoting the reputation of the product.

Some of the observed rural development impacts of GI are:

  • The supply chain is structured around a common product reputation
  • Increased and stabilised prices for the GI product
  • Distributed through all the levels of the supply chain adds value
  • Natural resources can be preserved on which the product is based
  • Preservation of traditions and traditional expertise
  • Tourism can be boosted

Geographical Indications Protection

Geographical indications are protected and preserved in various countries and regional systems through a wide array of approaches and often using a consolidation of two or more approaches.

There are three major ways to protect a geographical indication:

  1. So-called sui generis systems (i.e. special regimes of protection)
  2. Using collective or certification marks
  3. Techniques concentrating on business practices, including administrative product approval schemes

These approaches have been developed in consonance with different legal practices and within a framework of individual historical and economic conditions.

The approaches to protect GI comprise differences with respect to critical questions like conditions for protection or the scope of protection. On the other hand, the two modes of protection mentioned above namely sui generis systems and collective or certification mark systems, share some common characteristics, such as the fact that they set up rights for collective use by those who comply with defined standards.

Way Forward for GI

  • The tag for geographical indications needs to be allotted only after a thorough historical and empirical inquiry.
  • For products whose origin can’t be effectively traced, either both the states should be given ownership or none of the regions is provided with the GI tag.
  • The focus of the states and the community needs to shift from mere certification for the sake of region and instead divert all resources towards active promotion of the product and its respective industry.



List of GI tags in India 2022

Products Categories States
Kashmir Saffron Agriculture Jammu & Kashmir
Manipuri Black Rice Food Stuff Manipur
Kandhamal Haladi Agricultural Odisha
Rasagola Food Stuff Odisha
Kodaikanal Malai Poondu Agricultural Tamil Nadu
Pawndum Handicraft Mizoram
Ngotekherh Handicraft Mizoram
Hmaram Handicraft Mizoram
Palani Panchamirtham Food Stuff Tamil Nadu
Tawlhlohpuan Handicraft Mizoram
Mizo Puanchei Handicraft Mizoram
Gulbarga Tur Dal Agricultural Karnataka
Tirur Betel Leaf (Tirur Vettila) Agricultural Kerala
Khola Chilli Agricultural Goa
Idu Mishmi Textiles Handicraft Arunachal Pradesh
Dindigul Locks Manufactured Tamil Nadu
Kandangi Saree Handicraft Tamil Nadu
Srivilliputtur Palkova Food Stuff Tamil Nadu
Kaji Nemu Agricultural Assam


GI Tags list: State wise list of GI Tag

GI Tags of Andhra Pradesh

S.No. Geographical Indication Type
1. Srikalahasthi Kalamkari Handicraft
2. Kondapalli Bommalu Handicraft
3. Machilipatnam Kalamkari Handicraft
4. Budiiti Bell & Brass Craft Handicraft
5. Andhra Pradesh Leather Puppetry Handicraft
6. Uppada Jamdani Sarees Handicraft
7. Tirupati Laddu[a] Foodstuff
8. Guntur Sannam Chilli Agricultural
9. Venkatagiri Sarees Handicraft
10. Bobbili Veena Handicraft
11. Mangalagiri Sarees and Fabrics Handicraft
12. Dharmavaram Handloom Pattu Sarees and Paavadas Textile
13. Bandar Laddu Food Stuff
14. Udayagiri Wooden Cutlery Handicraft
15. Banganapalli Mangoes Agricultural
16. Durgi Stone Carvings Handicraft
17. Etikoppaka Toys Handicraft
18. Allagadda Stone Carvings Handicraft
19. Araku Valley Arabica Coffee Agricultural


GI Tags of Assam

.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Assam (Orthodox) Logo Agricultural
2. Muga Silk of Assam (Logo) Handicraft
3. Muga Silk Handicraft
4. Assam Karbi Anglong Ginger Agricultural
5. Tezpur Litchi Agricultural
6. Joha Rice Agricultural
7. Boka Chaul Agricultural
8. Kaji Nemu Agricultural
9. Chokuwa Rice Agricultural
10. Gamosa Handloom


GI Tags of Arunachal Pradesh

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Arunachal Orange Agricultural
2. Idu Mishmi Textile Handicraft


GI Tags of Bihar

S.No. Geographical Indication Type
1. Madhubani paintings Handicraft Handicraft
2. Applique – Khatwa Patch Work of Bihar Handicraft
3. Sujini Embroidery Work of Bihar Handicraft Handicraft
4. Bhagalpur Silk Handicraft Handicraft
5. Sikki Grass Products Handicraft
6. Khatwa Patch Work Logo Handicraft
7. Sikki Grass Products Logo Handicraft
8. Sujini Embroidery Logo Handicraft
9. Bhagalpuri Zardalu Handicraft
10. Katarni Rice Agricultural
11. Magahi Paan Agricultural
12. Shahi Litchi Agricultural
13. Silao Khaja Food Stuff


GI Tags of Chhattisgarh

S.No. Geographical Indication Type
1. Bastar Dhokra Handicraft
2. Bastar Wooden Craft Handicraft
3. Bastar Iron Craft Handicraft
4. Bastar Dhokra (Logo) Handicraft
5. Champa Silk Saree and Fabrics Handicraft
6. Jeeraphool Agriculture


GI Tags of Goa

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Fenni Manufactured
2. Khola Chilli Agricultural


GI Tags of Gujarat

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Tangaliya Shawl Handicraft
2. Surat Zari Craft Handicraft
3. Gir Kesar Mango Agricultural
4. Bhalia Wheat Agricultural
5. Kachchh Shawls Handicraft
6. Patan Patola Handicraft
7. Sankheda Furniture Handicraft
8. Kutch Embroidery Handicraft
10. Agates of Cambay Handicraft
11. Sankheda Furniture Logo Handicraft
12. Kutch Embroidery Logo Handicraft
13. Jamnagari Bandhani Handicraft
14. Rajkot Patola Handicraft
15. Pethapur Printing Blocks Handicraft


GI Tags of Haryana

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Basmati Agricultural
2. Phulkari* Handicraft


GI Tags of Himachal Pradesh

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Kullu ShawL (Logo) Textile
2. Kangra Tea Agricultural
3. Chamba Rumal Handicraft
4. Kinnauri Shawl Handicraft
5. Kullu Shawl Handicraft
6. Kangra Paintings Handicraft
7. Basmati Agricultural
8. Himachali Kaala Zeera Agricultural
9. Himachali Chulli Oil Manufactured


GI Tags of J&K

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Kashmir Papier Mache Handicraft
2. Kashmir Walnut Wood Carving Handicraft
3. Khatamband Handicraft
4. Kani Shawls Handicraft
5. Kashmir Pashmina Handicraft
6. Kashmir Sozani Craft Handicraft
7. Basmati Agricultural
8. Kashmiri Hand Knotted Carpet Handicraft
9. Kashmir Saffron Agricultural


GI tags of Jharkhand

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Sohrai- Khovar Paintings Handicraft


GI Tags of Karnataka

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Byadgi chilli Agriculture
2. Kinnal Toys Handicraft
3. Mysore Agarbathi Manufactured
4. Bangalore Blue Grapes Agriculture
5. Mysore Pak Sweets
6. Bangalore Rose Onion Agriculture
7. Coorg orange Agriculture
8. Mysore silk Handicraft
9. Bidriware Handicraft
10. Channapatna Toys & Dolls Handicraft
11. Mysore Rosewood Inlay Handicraft
12. Mysore Sandalwood Oil Manufactured
13. Mysore Sandal Soap Manufactured
14. Kasuti Embroidery Handicraft
15. Mysore Traditional Paintings Handicraft
16. Mysore betel leaf Agricultural
17. Nanjanagud Banana Agricultural
18. Mysore Jasmine Agricultural
19. Udupi Jasmine Agricultural
20. Hadagali Jasmine Agricultural
21. Ilkal saree Handicraft
22. Navalgund Durries Handicraft
23. Karnataka Bronze Ware Handicraft
24. Molakalmuru Sarees Handicraft
25. Monsooned Malabar Arabica Coffee Agricultural
26. Monsooned Malabar Robusta Coffee Agricultural
27. Coorg Green Cardamom Agricultural
28. Dharwad Pedha Foodstuff
29. Coorg Orange Agricultural
30. Malabar Pepper Agricultural
31. Ganjifa Cards of Mysore Handicraft
32. Devanahalli Pomello Agricultural
33. Appemidi Mango Agricultural
34. Kamalapur Red Banana Agricultural
35. Sandur Lambani Embroidery Handricrafts
36. Udupi Mattu Gulla Brinjal Agricultural
37. Karnataka Bronzeware Logo Handicraft
38. Ganjifa Cards of Mysore Logo Handicraft
39. Navalgund Durries Logo Handicraft
40. Guledgudd Khana Handicraft
41. Udupi Sarees Handicraft
42. Mysore Silk Logo Handicraft
43. Kolhapuri Chappal Handicraft
44. Coorg Arabica Coffee Agricultural
45. Chikmagalur Arabica Coffee Agricultural
46. Bababudangiris Arabica Coffee Agricultural
47. Sirsi Supari Agricultural
48. Gulbarga Tur Dal Agricultural


GI Tags of Kerala

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Aranmula Kannadi Handicraft
2. Alleppey Coir Handicraft
3. Balaramapuram Sarees and Fine Cotton Fabrics Handicraft
4. Brass broidered coconut shell craft of Kerala Handicraft
5. Cannanore Home Furnishings Handicraft
6. Central Travancore Jaggery Agricultural
7. Chendamangalam Dhoties & Set Mundu Handicraft
8. Chengalikodan Banana Agriculture
9. Kasaragod Sarees Handicraft
10. Kuthampally dhoties and set mundu Clothing
11. Maddalam of Palakkad Handicraft
12. Payyannur Pavithra Ring Handicraft
13. Pokkali Rice Agriculture
14. Screw Pine Craft of Kerala Handicraft
15. Vazhakulam Pineapple Agriculture
16. Wayanad Gandhakasala Rice Agriculture
17. Wayanad Jeerakasala Rice Agriculture
18. Navara rice Agricultural Agriculture
19. Palakkadan Matta Rice Agriculture
20. Spices Alleppey Green Cardamom Agriculture
21. Malabar Pepper Agriculture
22. Monsooned Malabar Arabica Coffee Agriculture
23. Monsooned Malabar Robusta Coffee Agriculture
24. Kuthampully Sarees Handicraft
25. Kaipad Rice Agriculture
26. Maddalam of Palakkad Logo Handicraft
27. Brass Broidered Coconut Shell Craft Logo Handicraft
28. Screw Pinecraft of Kerala Logo Handicraft
29. Nilambur Teak Agricultural
30. Wayanad Robusta Coffee Agricultural
31. Marayoor Jaggery( Marayoor Sharkara) Agricultural
32. Tirur Betel Leaf( Tirur Vettila) Agricultural
32. Alleppey Green Cardamom Agricultural


GI Tags of Madhya Pradesh

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Chanderi Fabric Handicraft
2. Leather Toys of Indore Handicraft
3. Bagh Prints of Madhya Pradesh Handicraft
4. Bell Metal Ware of Datia and Tikamgarh (Logo) Handicraft
5. Bell Metal Ware of Datia and Tikamgarh Handicraft
6. Chanderi Sarees Handicraft
7. Nagpur Orange Agriculture
8. Leather Toys of Indore Logo Handicraft
9. Ratlami Sev Food Stuff
10. Bagh Prints Logo Food Stuff
11. Jhabua Kadaknath Black Chicken Meat Food Stuff
12. Maheshwar Sarees & Fabrics Handicraft
13 Chinnor Rice GI Tag  Rice | Food


GI Tags of Maharashtra

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Solapuri Chaddar Handicraft
2. Solapur Terry Towel Handicraft
3. Nagpur Orange Agricultural
4. Puneri Pagadi Handicraft
5. Nashik valley wine Manufactured
6. Paithani Sarees and Fabrics Handicraft
7. Mahabaleshwar Strawberry Agricultural
8. Nashik Grapes Agricultural
9. Nashik Grapes Agricultural
10. Kolhapur Jaggery Agricultural
11. Warli Paintings Handicraft
12. Ajara Ghansal Rice Agricutural
13. Mangalwedha Jowar Agricultural
14. Sindhudurg & Ratnagiri Kokum Agricultural
15. Waghya Ghevada Agricultural
16. Navapur Tur Dal Agricultural
17. Vengurla Cashew Agricultural
18. Lasalgaon Onion Agricultural
19. Sangli Raisins Agricultural
20. Beed Custard Apple Agricultural
21. Jalna Sweet Orange Agricultural
22. Waigaon Turmeric Agricultural
23. Purandar Fig Agricultural
24. Jalgaon Bharit Brinjal Agricultural
25. Solapur Pomegranate Agricultural
26. Bhiwapur Chilli Agricultural
27. Ambemohar Rice Agricultural
28. Dahanu Gholvad Chikoo Agricultural
29. Jalgaon Banana Agricultural
30. Marathwada Kesar Mango Agricultural
31. Karvath Kati Sarees and Fabrics Handicraft
32. Alphonso Agricultural
33. Sangli Turmeric Agricultural
34. Kolhapuri Chappal Handicraft


GI Tags of Manipur

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Shaphee Lanphee Textile
2. Wangkhei Phee Textile
3. Moirang Phee Textile
4. Kachai Lemon Agricultural
5. Chak Hao Agricultural
6 Judima Wines ( Of Dimasa Tribals of Assam )  Beverage
7 Sirarakhing Chili  Agriculture
8 Red Oranges Agriculture


GI Tags of Meghalaya

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Khasi Mandarin Agricultural
2. Memong Narang Agricultural


GI tags of Mizoram

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Mizo Chilli Agricultural
2. Pawndum Handicraft
3. Ngotekherh Handicraft
4. Hmaram Handicraft
5. Tawlhlohpuan Handicraft
6. Mizo Puanchei Handicraft


GI Tags of Nagaland

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Naga Mircha Agricultural
2. Naga Tree Tomato Agricultural
3. Chakshesang Shawl Handicraft


GI Tags of Odisha

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Kotpad Handloom fabric Handicraft
2. Orissa Ikat Handicraft
3. Konark Stone Carving Handicraft
4. Pattachitra Handicraft
5. Pipili Applique Work Handicraft
6. Khandua Saree and Fabrics Handicraft
7. Gopalpur Tussar Fabrics Handicraft
8. Ganjam Kewda Rooh Agricultural
9. Ganjam Kewda Flower Agricultural
10. Dhalapathar Parda & Fabrics Handicraft
11. Sambalpuri Bandha Saree & Fabrics Handicraft
12. Bomkai Saree & Fabrics Handicraft
13. Habaspuri Saree & Fabrics Handicraft
14. Berhampur Patta (Phoda Kumbha) Saree& Joda Handicraft
15. Odisha Pattachitra (Logo) Textile
16. Araku Valley Arabica Coffee Textile
17. Kandhamal Haladi Agricultural
18. Odisha Rasagolla Food Stuff


GI Tags of Punjab

.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Phulkari Handicraft
2. Basmati Agricultural


GI Tags of Rajasthan

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Kota Doria Handicraft
2. Blue Pottery of Jaipur Handicraft
3. Molela Clay Work Handicraft
4. Kathputlis of Rajasthan Handicraft
5. Sanganeri Hand Block Printing Handicraft
6. Bikaneri Bhujia Agricultural
7. Kota Doria (Logo) Handicraft
8. Phulkari* Handicraft
9. Bagru Hand Block Print Handicraft
10. Thewa Art Work Handicraft
11. Makrana marble Natural Goods
12. Molela Clay Work of Rajasthan Logo Handicraft
13. Blue Pottery of Jaipur Logo Handicraft
14. Kathputlis of Rajasthan Logo Handicraft
15. Pokaran Pottery Handicraft
16 Sojat Mehndi  Agricultual


GI tags of Tamil Nadu

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Salem Fabric Handicraft
2. Kancheepuram Silk Handicraft
3. Bhavani Jamakkalam Handicraft
4. Madurai Sungudi Handicraft
5. Coimbatore Wet Grinder Manufactured
6. Thanjavur Paintings Handicraft
7. Temple Jewellery of Nagercoil Handicraft
8. Thanjavur Art Plate Handicraft
9. E. I. Leather Manufactured
10. Salem silk Handicraft
11. Kovai Cora Cotton Handicraft
12. Arani Silk Handicraft Handicraft
13. Swamimalai Bronze Icons Agricultural
14. Eathomozhy Tall Coconut Agricultural
15. Thanjavur Doll Handicraft Handicraft
16. Nilgiri(Orthodox) Logo Agricultural
17. Virupakshi Hill Banana Agricultural
18. Sirumalai Hill Banana Agricultural
19. Madurai Malli Agricultural
20. Pattamadai Pai (‘Pattamadai Mat’) Handicraft
21. Nachiarkoil Kuthuvilakku (‘Nachiarkoil Lamp’) Handicraft
22. Chettinad Kottan Handicraft
23. Toda Embroidery t Handicraft
24. Thanjavur Veenai Handicraft
25. Malabar Pepper Agricultural
26. Thanjavur Art Plate Logo Handicraft
27. Swamimalai Bronze Icons Logo Handicraft
28. Temple Jewellery of Nagercoil Logo Handicraft
29. Mahabalipuram Stone Sculpture Handicraft
30. Erode Manjal(Erode Turmeric) Agricultural
31. Thirubuvanam Silk Sarees Handicraft
32. Kodaikanal Malai Poondu Agricultural
33. Palani Panchamirtham Food Stuff
34. Dindigul Locks Manufactured
35. Kandangi Sarees Handicraft
36. Sirivilliputtur Palakova Foodstuff
37. Kovilpatti Kadalai Mittai Foodstuff
38. Thanjavur Pith Works Handicraft
39. Arumbavur Wood Carvings Handicraft
40 Karuppur kalamkari paintings Dye-painted figurative and patterned cloth ( Painting )
41 Kallakurichi wood carvings Handicrafts & Art
42 Kanniyakumari Clove Foodstuff


GI Tags of Telangana

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Pochampally Ikat Handicraft
2. Silver Filigree of Karimnagar Handicraft
3. Nirmal toys and craft Handicraft
4. Nirmal furniture Handicraft
5. Nirmal paintings Handicraft
6. Gadwal Sarees Handicraft
7. Hyderabadi Haleem Foodstuff
8. Cheriyal Paintings Handicraft
9. Pembarthi Metal Craft Handicraft
10. Siddipet Gollabhama Handicraft
11. Narayanpet Handloom Sarees Handicraft
12. Banaganapalle Mangoes Agricultural
13. Pochampally Ikat Logo Handicraft
14. Adilabad Dokra Handicraft
15. Warangal Durries Handicraft


GI Tags of Tripura

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Tripura Queen Pineapples Agricultural


GI Tags of Uttar Pradesh

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Allahabad Surkha Agricultural
2. Lucknow Chikan Craft Handicraft
3. Mango Malihabadi Dusseheri Agricultural
4. Banaras Brocades and Sarees Handicraft
5. Banaras Brocades and Sarees (Logo) Handicraft
6. Hand made Carpet of Bhadohi Handmade Carpets
7. Agra Durrie Handicraft
8. Farrukhabad Prints Handicraft
9. Lucknow Zardozi Handicraft
10. Kalanamak Rice Agricultural
11. Firozabad Glass Handicraft
12. Kannauj Perfume Manufactured
13. Kanpur Saddlery Manufactured
14. Moradabad Metal Craft Handicraft
15. Saharanpur Wood Craft Handicraft
16. Handmade Carpets of Mirzapur Handmade Carpets
17. Handmade Carpets of Banaras Handmade Carpets
18. Agra Petha Sweets
19. Mathura Peda Sweets
20. Nizamabad black clay pottery Handicraft
21. Varanasi Wooden Lacquerware &Toys Handicraft
22. Meerut Scissors Manufactured
23. Khurja Pottery Handicraft
24. Banaras Gulabi Meenakari Craft Handicraft
25. Mirzapur Handmade Dari Handicraft
26. Basmati Agricultural
27. Banaras Metal Repouse Craft Handicraft
28. Varanasi Glass Beads Handicraft
29. Ghazipur Wall Hangings Handicraft
30. Varanasi Soft Stone Jali Work Handicraft
31. Chunar Balua Patthar Handicraft
32. Gorakhpur Terracotta Handicraft


GI Tags of Uttarakhand

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Basmati Agricultural


GI Tags of West Bengal

S.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Darjeeling Tea (word & logo) Agricultural
2. Nakshi Kantha Handicraft
3. Laxman Bhog Mango Agricultural
4. Himsagar(Khirsapati Mango) Agricultural
5. Fazli Mango Agricultural
6. Santipore Saree Handicraft
7. Baluchari Saree Handicraft
8. Dhaniakhali Saree Handicraft
9. Santiniketan Leather Goods Handicraft
10. Joynagar Moa Foodstuff
11. Bardhaman Sitabhog Foodstuff
12. Bardhaman Mihidana Foodstuff
13. Gobindobhog Rice Agricultural
14. Tulapanji Rice Agricultural
15. Bangla Rasogolla Foodstuff
16. Bankura Panchmura Terracotta Craft Handicraft
17. Bengal Dokra Handicraft
18. Bengal Patachitra Handicraft
19. Purulia Chau Mask Handicraft
20. Wooden Mask of Kushmandi Handicraft
21. Madur Kathi Handicraft